Archosargus probatocephalus is a widely distributed species in the Western Atlantic from Nova Scotia to Brazil in estuarine and marine habitats. This species is. Archosargus probatocephalus are a euryhaline species, which means that they have been collected from waters where the salinity ranged from 0 – 35 parts per. Archosargus probatocephalus, commonly referred to as the sheepshead fish, live along the coasts of the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico. They can grow to a.

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Medium, minimum population doubling time 1. The IUCN is a global union of states, governmental agencies, and non-governmental organizations in a partnership that assesses the conservation status of species.

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Reproduction Populations of sheepshead in mid-Atlantic coastal waters and the Mississippi Probatoxephalus spawn ;robatocephalus primarily in the early spring although pelagic larvae have been recorded from January through May in the Gulf of Mexico.

The original itself is in the public domain for the following reason: The diet of juveniles includes zooplankton, polychaetes, and chironomid midges larvae.

However, the black drum has barbels on the lower jaw and reaches a much larger adult size than the sheepshead.

Archosargus probatocephalus Walbaum Food Habits The sheepshead is an omnivorous fish, feeding on invertebrates, small vertebrates and occasional plant material.

Fishermen look for rocky bottoms or places with obstructions, jettiesand the pilings of bridges and piers. Archived from the original on 5 March The creator and year of publication are essential information and must be provided. This image might not be in the public domain outside of the United States; this especially applies in the countries and areas that do not apply the rule of the shorter term for US works, such as Canada, Mainland China not Hong Kong or MacaoGermany, Mexico, and Switzerland.

Dentition Teeth of the sheepshead include well-defined incisors, molars, and grinders. The sheepshead is a member of the porgy and seabream family Sparidaewhich is comprised of approximately species distributed worldwide. This flat, oval fish has dorsal and anal fins that are rounded towards the slightly forked caudal tail fin, and its greenish-silver body is striped with five or six dark vertical bars.


For usage, see Commons: This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed. Two dark specks are also located at the base of the anal fin. Retrieved 4 January Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The following page uses this file: Caught by anglers from jetties or rocky shores Ref.

Use dmy dates from December Articles with ‘species’ microformats Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference. Sounds Ciguatera Speed Swim. Additionally, the vertical bands on the sides of the black drum and Atlantic spadefish tend to fade with age much more so than the markings of the sheepshead.

It grows to almost 30 inches and 22 pounds eating invertebrates, small vertebrates, and some plants.

Sheepshead, Archosargus probatocephalus

This image is in the public domain because it is a mere mechanical scan or photocopy of a public domain original, or — from the available evidence — is so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise.

Habitat Primarily occurring inshore around rock pilings, jetties, mangrove roots, and piers as well as in tidal creeks, the euryhaline sheepshead prefers brackish waters. Retrieved from ” https: The sheepshead uses its impressive dentition to crush heavily armored and shelled prey and to scrape barnacles from rocks and pilings.

Recognizing the uniqueness of the sheepshead in comparison to other porgies, long time Smithsonian scientist Theodore Nicholas Gill erected the monotypic genus Archosargus in Large juveniles and adults prey on blue crab, oysters, clams, crustaceans, and small fish including young Atlantic croakers Micropogonias undulatusSciaenidae.

Inhabits bays and estuaries. The posterior nostril is slit-like in appearance. Moderate vulnerability 36 of It has sharp dorsal spines. One study determined that those fishes found closer to shore averaged 11, eggs per spawning event while those offshore averaged 87, eggs per batch. When the larvae reach 4mm in length, the caudal and anal fins are well developed. Dorsal and anal fins include stout, short spines. When to use the PD-scan tag. Recorded among those species that perish during periodic low oxygen fish kills, the sheepshead is not particularly tolerant of low levels of dissolved oxygen.

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They are a prized food fish, and are also popular in public aquariums. Sheepshead lack tooth patches on the roof of the mouth.

Feeds mainly on mollusks adchosargus crustaceans. The caudal and pectoral fins are greenish while the dorsal, anal, and ventral fins are dusky or black.

This fish is highly valued for human consumption due to its fine white flesh and mild flavor. Heavy, strong teeth are necessary for crushing and grinding the shelled animals that are prey for this fish.

As other probatocephalux, the sheephead has a variety of parasites. There are five or six dark vertical crossbars along each side, which are most distinct in young individuals.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Add your observation in Probatocepha,us Watcher Native range All suitable habitat Point map Year This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed. Rachosargus fish moves to offshore areas in later winter and early spring for spawning, which sometimes occurs over artificial reefs and navigation markers. Juvenile sheepshead mm have a forked caudal fin, a lateral line and exhibit adult patterning. Maximum known lifespan of the sheepshead is at least 20 years with maturity typically reached at 2 years of age.

Depending upon their condition, females may produce from 1, toeggs per spawning event. However, its heavy scales and strong fin spines make it difficult to clean and fillet. An excellent food fish.