Aryabhata, also called Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder, (born , possibly Ashmaka or Kusumapura, India), astronomer and the earliest Indian. Aryabhata(some time misspelled as ‘Aryabhatta’) was one of the first Indian mathematicians and astronomers belonging to the classical age. He was born in In  it is claimed that Aryabhata was born in the Asmaka region of the Vakataka dynasty in South India although the author accepted that he lived most of his life.
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He correctly stated that the earth rotates about its axis daily. He expressed this relativity thus: Your email address will not be published. Aryabhata gave the correct rule for the area of a triangle and an incorrect rule for the volume of a atobiography.
Aryabhata I, Aryabhata the Elder. Leave this field empty.
The Aryabhata Knowledge University AKUPatna, has been established by the Government of Bihar in his honor for the development and management of educational infrastructure related to technical, medical, management and allied professional education.
His definitions of sine jyacosine kojyaversine utkrama-jyaand inverse sine otkram jya influenced the birth of trigonometry. He calculated the circumference of the earth as 62, miles, which is an excellent approximation, and suggested that the apparent rotation of the heavens was due to the axial rotation of the earth on its axis.
While he did not use a symbol for zerothe French mathematician Georges Ifrah argues that knowledge of zero was implicit in Aryabhata’s place-value system as a place holder for the powers of ten with null coefficients. Both thought-provoking and introspection inducing, anyone interested in the subjects of math autobiograhpy astronomy would find it worth reading. This was one of the many treatises he would write during his lifetime.
By using this site, you agree to allow cookies to be placed. Archived from the original on 5 January Within the mathematics portion of the work, a great deal was written about high level math topics such as plane trigonometry and spherical trigonometry, along with sections on arithmetic, quadratic equations, aautobiography algebra.
Alpha Science Int’l Ltd. Gupta 31 July Aryabhata is believed to have died around A. His disciple Bhaskara I calls it Ashmakatantra or the treatise from the Ashmaka. Some of his later writings on astronomy, which apparently proposed a second model or ardha-rAtrikAmidnight are lost but can be partly reconstructed from pf discussion in Brahmagupta ‘s Khandakhadyaka. The Columbia Encyclopedia 6 ed.
He served as the head of an institution kulapa at Kusumapura and might have also been the head of the Nalanda university. Retrieved 22 January The Arya-siddhantaa lost work on astronomical computations, is known through the writings of Aryabhata’s contemporary, Varahamihiraand later mathematicians and commentators, including Brahmagupta and Bhaskara I.
His name, time and provenance” PDF. Autobiogra;hy were not exactly scores of other opportunities for him to take advantage during the classical era as institutions in which to learn astronomy were likely very limited. Retrieved 18 July In particular, the astronomical tables in the work of the Arabic Spain scientist Al-Zarqali 11th century were translated into Latin as the Tables of Toledo 12th century and remained the most accurate ephemeris used in Europe for centuries.
The Aryabhatiya presented a number of innovations in mathematics and astronomy in verse form, which were influential for many centuries.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Later Indian astronomers improved on the calculations, but Aryabhata’s methods provided the core. Seeing, Doing, Understanding Third Edition. He discusses at length the size and extent of the Earth’s shadow verses gola. Archived from the original on 14 September Yadav 28 October He correctly believed that the earth rotates about its axis daily, and that the apparent movement of the stars is a relative motion caused by the rotation of the earth, challenging the prevailing view.
He also realized that second-order sine difference is proportional to sine. Heliocentrism As with many of the great astronomers in history, Aryabhata promoted the notion the earth spun on its own axis and the sun revolved around the earth and not the other way around.
There are verses in the text and the style of writing is very tight and direct.
The Kuttaka”ResonanceOctober Thank you for your feedback. By this rule the circumference of a circle with a diameter of 20, can be approached. A number of his works have been lost and historians can only speculate as to what might have been the great value of their content.
Aryabhataalso called Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elderbornpossibly Ashmaka or Kusumapura, Indiaastronomer and the earliest Indian mathematician whose work and history are available to modern scholars. The Aryabhatiya was a well-constructed work that covered many different facets of mathematics and astronomy.
Aryabhata discussed the concept of sine in his work by the name of ardha-jyawhich literally means “half-chord”.
Retrieved 24 June There is some speculation that Kusumapura is actually another region and may really be Pataliputra, which was actually the location of where a major astronomical observatory was located. Learn Atyabhata in these related Britannica articles: