Translated by Burton Watson. Only by inhabiting Dao (the Way of Nature) and dwelling in its unity can humankind achieve true happiness and freedom, in both . The Complete Works of Chuang Tzu. Translated by Burton Watson. Foreword by Wm. Theodore de Bary. Columbia University Press. The Complete Works of. Accepting the challenge of translating this captivating classic in its entirety, Burton Watson has expertly rendered into English both the profound thought and the.

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Chien Wu got it and lived in the great mountain. To use a horse to show that a horse is not a horse is not as good as using a non-horse to show that a horse is not a horse,7 Heaven and earth are one attribute; the ten thousand things are one horse. How do I know that the dead do not wonder why they ever longed for life?

Meng-sun alone has waked up. Another day, the two met again and Yen Hui said, “I’m improving!

The complete works of Chuang Tzu

Free and Easy Wandering 2: However, let me try making my statement. He will soon choose the day and ascend far off. Of these three creatures, then, which one knows the proper place to live? But if he already agrees with both of us, how can he decide? The next day the two came to see Hu Tzu again, and when they had left the room, the shaman said to Lieh Tzu, “It certainly was lucky that your master met me!

Can you really make the body like a withered tree and the mind like dead ashes? He beats the whirlwind and rises ninety thousand li, setting off on the sixth month gale.


Gasping and wheezing, he lay at the point of death. His wife and children gathered round in a circle and began to cry. If there’s no use for it, how can it come to grief or pain? Words like these will be labeled the Supreme Swindle. He was advanced beyond ordinary understanding and he would have simplified things even more, but that wasn’t practical. Therefore his liking was one and his not liking was one. I will go off to sleep peacefully, and then with a start I will wake up.

Deep in their passions and desires, they are shallow in the workings of Heaven. So you really are a worthy man after all! Tzu-kung said, “May I ask about the singular man? A traveler heard about the salve and offered to buy the prescription for a hundred measures of gold.

But if I go to him as my teacher, how much more should those who are not my equals! Confucius said, “Meng-sun did all there was to do.

Burton Watson (ed.), The Complete Works of Chuang Tzu – PhilPapers

When the people of Cheng saw him, they dropped everything and ran out of his way. You hear the piping of men, but you haven’t heard the piping of earth. Hsu Yu said, “You govern the world and the world is already well governed. Act in this way and you will be all right.

The Complete Works of Chuang Tzu

What they liked, they tried to make clear. When animals face death, they do not care what cries they make; their breath comes in gasps and a wild fierceness is born in their hearts. My back sticks up like a hunchback and my vital organs are on top of me. Only in their likes they were different from him [the true sage]. Though heaven and earth flop over and fall down, it is no loss to him. In being one, he was acting as a companion of Heaven.


He has identity but no form. You have heard of flying with wings, but you have never heard of flying without wings. Words have something to say. A man like that – what unique way does he have of using his mind? A brave soldier will plunge alone into the midst of nine armies. But perhaps you have some advice you can give me. Can this be called emptiness?

He was vague about giving an answer, evasive, as though he hoped to be let off, and I was embarrassed, but in the end I turned the state over to him. Fool, fool – don’t spoil my walking! Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University’s proxy server Configure custom proxy use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy.

If I try to impose some rule on him, I will endanger myself. Only then can he mount on the back of the wind, shoulder the blue sky, and nothing can hinder or block him. The cherry apple, the pear, the orange, the citron, the rest of those fructiferous trees and shrubs – as soon as their fruit is ripe, they are torn apart and subjected to abuse.

What makes them not so? Or perhaps in time he’ll transform my buttocks into cartwheels.