The Arthashastra is the title of a handbook for running an empire, written by Kautilya (also known as Chanakya, c. BCE) an Indian. Arthashastra, the treatise on Economic Administration was written by Kautilya in the 4th century before Christ. It consists of 15 chapter, Shlokas and INTRODUCTION PURUSHARTAS MEANING OF ARTHA MEANING OF ARTHASHASTRA KAUTILYA ROLE OF ARTHASHASTRA IN.

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Femme fatale as a secret agent To undermine a ruling oligarchy, make chiefs of the [enemy’s] ruling council infatuated with women possessed of great beauty and youth. The title “Arthashastra” is often translated to “the science of politics”, [12] [13] sujmary the book Arthashastra has a broader scope.

Further, the mind is insatiable, arthashadtra wanders perhaps even faster than the speed of lightand it gets attached. The text discusses marriage and consent laws in Books 3 and 4. The Arthashastra dedicates Topics 30 through 47 discussing the role of government in setting up mines and factories, [79] gold and precious stone workshops, [80] commodities, [81] forest produce, [82] armory, [83] standards for balances and weight measures, [84] standards for length and time measures, [84] customs, [85] agriculture, [86] liquor, [86] abattoirs and courtesans, [87] shipping, [88] domesticated animals such as cattle, horses and elephants along with animal welfare when they are injured or too old, [89] pasture land, [90] military preparedness [91] and intelligence gathering operations of kautulya state.

The Arthashastra Summary — The western world generally assumes that ancient Indian literature lacked in strategic thinking. This is the first article in my series on the Arthashastra. One can lose a war as easily as one can win. Thanks to Syamasastri, who first interpreted Kautilya’s economic and political thoughts in a book published in English inwe had insights into the writings of that brilliant mind.

A crocodile in water drags a dog the place of fight is important. Kautilya, after describing the conflicting views on how to select officials, asserts that a king should select his Amatyah ministers and high officials based on the capacity to perform that they have shown in their past work, the character and their values that is accordance with the role. Retrieved 23 October Kautilya’s Arthashastra is an excellent treatise on statecraft, economic policy and military strategy.

Chapter 9 of Book 1 suggests the king to maintain a council and a Purohit chaplain, spiritual guide for his personal counsel. In the absence of governance, the strong will swallow the weak. He described the basic ethical dharmic values as, “Duties common to all – ahimsa abstaining from injury to all living creatures ; satyam truthfulness ; cleanliness; freedom from malice; compassion and tolerance. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Crime and punishment It is power and power alone which, only when exercised by the king with impartiality and in proportion to guilt either over his son or his enemy, maintains both this world and the next.


The subsequent articles will discuss what has been said in the Arthashastra on statecraft and military administration it may contain some notions for society too as no state can survive without its people so if you like my article stay tuned for more.

Thus, the lessons of discipline could be imparted to those whose intellect had the desire to learn, capacity to listen attentively, power to grasp what was taught, to retain it in memory, discriminate between the important and the unimportant, draw inferences, deliberate and imbibe the truth and not to others. The text has been translated and interpreted by Shamashastry, Kangle, Trautmann and many others.

It is not just a normative text but a realist description of the art of running a state”. Both those who see the United States as the indispensable nation, equating US decline to the end of today’s order, and those who expect rising powers to assume leadership in today’s institutions, predicting the continuation of the current order, seem to have one thing in common: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments. Prevention of Unfair Trade Practices. Kautilya and His ArthashastraLanham: Sovereignty Theories of political behavior Political psychology Biology and political orientation Political organisations Foreign electoral intervention.

India kautjlya Its Armies. The division into 15, and of books, chapters and topics respectively was probably not accidental, states Olivelle, because ancient authors of major Hindu texts favor certain numbers, such as 18 Parvas in the epic Mahabharata. A new edition based on this manuscript was published by Muni Jina Vijay in A state, asserts Arthashastra text in verses 7.

Views Read Edit View history. Newer Post Older Post Home. Journal of Business Ethics. Shamasastrywho published it in Shama Shastri aroused much interest and a fierce debate about its composition ensued among scholars. arthashasrta

The third reason is the nature of the text Arthashastra which we will discuss in the next paragraph. In the absence of fruitful economic activity, both current prosperity and future growth are in danger of destruction.


Arthashastra – Wikisource, the free online library

On the domestic front, Kautilya’s insistence dummary clear and just laws that must be backed by force are reminiscent of Hobbes, who warned of the perils of internal anarchy and strife. The rise of the Global South? In fact, he went to the extent of saying that revenue should take priority over the army because sustaining the army was possible out of a well-managed revenue system. On the basis of such contradictions, it has been argued that the two works cannot be of the same time as we know for a certainty that Megasthenes was a contemporary of Chandragupta and therefore the Arthashastra may be of some other time, probably later.

The Arthashastra dedicates Book 7 and 10 to war, and considers numerous scenarios and reasons for war. In sum, what is perhaps most fascinating is how many ideas Kautilya articulated that would appear in the West summaary later — while Kautilya wrote the Arthasshastra briefly after Thucydides, he long preceded Machiavelli and Hobbes, which thought along similar lines.

Kautilya’s Arthashastra: Quick overview

Rigveda Yajurveda Samaveda Atharvaveda. The Arthashastra dedicates many chapters on the need, methods and goals of secret service, and how to build then use a kautlya of spies that work for the state. Political science political scientists. He is currently athashastra a book on Brazil’s role in Latin American politics. Join The Discussion Cancel reply. In short, if one can win, one should go to war, irrespective of whether an agreement or treaty has been signed previously.

More recent scholarship has disagreed with the characterization of Arthashastra as “Machiavellianism”.

Similar to Thucydides, who regarded the request for negotiation as a sign of weakness, Kautilya saw little point in it other than to deceive a neighbor before conquering his territory. According to Ganpat Shastri the author was Kautilya because he was born in Kautila gotra a clan among the Brahmans of Indiahe was called Chanakya because he was born at Chanak and was named Vishnugupta by his parents. When literally translated, it means ‘Scripture of Wealth’.