medusa dalam siklus hidupnya. Genus ini berada dalam filum Cnidaria, yang semuanya akuatik dan terutama hidup di laut yang strukturnya relatif sederhana. Transcript of Filum Cnidaria (Coelenterata). Nama Anggota: 1. Fadhil Nurrohman (06) 2. Fika Pebianti (07) 3. Lilastika Cattri (13) 4. Hydrozoa adalah kelas dari anggota hewan tak bertulang belakang yang termasuk dalam filum Cnidaria. Sebagian besar hewan Hydrozoa hidup di laut dan.

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Striated muscle fibres cnidagia line the rim of the bell, allowing the animal to move along by alternately contracting and relaxing its body. Most hydrozoan species include both a polypoid and a medusoid stage in their lifecycles, although a number of them have only one or the other.

Most hydromedusae have shorter lifespans than the larger scyphozoan jellyfish.

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The colonies of the colonial species can be large, and in some cases the specialized individual animals cannot survive outside the colony. Some species of hydromedusae release gametes shortly after they are themselves released from the hydroids as in the case of fire coralsliving only a few hours, while other species of hydromedusae grow and feed in the plankton for months, spawning daily for many days before their supply of food or other water conditions deteriorate and cause their demise.

In any given colony, the majority of polyps are specialized for feeding. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. They may have a tree-like or fan-like appearance, depending on species. The body consists of a dome-like umbrella ringed by tentacles.

Although most hydrozoans have a medusoid stage, this is not always free-living, and in many species, exists solely as a sexually reproducing bud on the surface of the hydroid colony.


The arrangement and type of these reproductive polyps varies considerably between different groups.

WoRMS – World Register of Marine Species – Anthozoa

Zygotes become free-swimming planula larvae or actinula larvae that either settle on a suitable substrate in the case of planulaeor swim and develop into another medusa cnivaria polyp directly actinulae. The hydroid form is usually colonial, with multiple polyps connected by tubelike hydrocauli.

In others, one polyp may develop as a large float, from which the other polyps hang down, allowing the colony to drift in open water instead of being anchored to a solid surface.

Uses authors parameter Webarchive template wayback links. Unlike some other cnidarian groups, the lining of the central cavity lacks stinging nematocystswhich are found only on the tentacles and outer surface. Other such orders were the AnthoathecataeActinulidaeLaingiomedusaePolypodiozoaSiphonophora and Trachylina. Where the hydrocaulus runs along the substrate, it form a horizontal root-like stolon that anchors the colony to the bottom. Partially digested food may then be passed into the hydrocaulus for distribution around the colony and completion of the digestion process.

In addition to these two basic types of polyps, a few colonial species have other specialized forms.

An introduction to Hydrozoa. It was traditionally placed in its own classPolypodiozoa, and this view is often seen to reflect the uncertainties surrounding this highly distinct animal.

As far as can be told from the molecular and morphological data at hand, the Siphonophora for example were just highly specialized “hydroids,” whereas the Limnomedusae —presumed to be a “hydroid” suborder —were simply very primitive hydrozoans and not closely related to the other “hydroids. The nervous system is unusually advanced for cnidarians.

Klaasifikasi any case, according to this classification, the hydrozoans can be subdivided as follows, with taxon names emended to end in “-ae”: Especially the presumed phylogenetic distinctness of the Siphonophora is a major flaw that was corrected only recently.


These tiny, new medusae which are either male or female mature and spawn, releasing gametes freely into the sea in most cases. Hydrozoans are related to jellyfish and corals and belong to the phylum Cnidaria.

For example, Hydra has no medusoid stage, while Liriope lacks the hydroid stage.

Two nerve rings lie close to the margin of the bell, and send fibres into the muscles cnidarix tentacles. A tube-like structure hangs down from the centre of the umbrella, and includes the mouth at its tip. Wikispecies has information related to Hydrozoa. The hydrocaulus is usually surrounded by a sheath of chitin and proteins called the perisarc. Hydrozoan systematics are highly complex.

Several approaches for expressing their interrelationships were proposed and heavily contested since the late 19th century, but in more recent times a consensus seems to be emerging. Hydrozoa Owen Four radial canals connect the stomach to an additional, circular canal running around the base of the bell, just above the tentacles.

Cnjdaria is sometimes placed in the Hydrozoa, though its relationships are currently unresolved—a somewhat controversial 18S rRNA sequence analysis found it to be closer to the also parasitic Myxozoan. Hydroid colonies are usually dioeciouswhich klasifikais they have separate koasifikasi the polyps in each colony are either male or female, but not usually both sexes in the same colony.

Retrieved from ” https: Most famous among these was probably the assemblage called ” Hydroida “, but this group is apparently paraphyleticunited by plesiomorphic ancestral traits.