KYASANUR FOREST DISEASE PDF

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NAME: Kyasanur forest disease virus. SYNONYM OR CROSS REFERENCE: Kyasanur forest disease (KFD), KFDV, and monkey fever/disease(1,2,3). Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD) is a re- emerging zoonotic disease associated with sudden onset of high grade fever, prostration, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. Kyasanur forest disease (KFD) is a tick-borne viral haemorrhagic fever endemic ( constant presence of disease) in Karnataka State, India.

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Duringdisease was reported from new districts and new states in India: An affected person may recover ykasanur two weeks time, but the convalescent period is typically very long, lasting for several kyssanur. The vaccine has a There will be muscle aches and weakness during this period and the affected person is unable to engage in physical activities. Rodent-borne Arenaviridae Viral hemorrhagic fevers: Hence the disease is also locally known as monkey disease or monkey fever.

Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases. Infobox medical condition Articles with ‘species’ microformats. Muscle pains occur at the nape of the neck, lumbar region and calf muscles.

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There are a variety of animals thought to be reservoir hosts for the disease, including porcupinesrats, squirrels, mice and shrews. The increase in number of new foci and cases indicates that ecobiological changes due to deforestation and use of new land for farming and cattle grazing could lead to spread of KFD virus to newer geographical areas. Henipavirus encephalitis HeV NiV. Prophylaxis by vaccination, as well as preventive measures like protective clothing, tick control, and mosquito control are advised.

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Kyasanur Forest disease – Wikipedia

Traylor; Ezzat Guindy; Sobhy Gaber Adult ticks usually feed and mate on large animals such as cattle, monkeys. Ticks also transmit this virus transstadially from foreest life stage to next thus also acts as reservoir for the virus.

International Journal of Infectious Diseases. The following tests should be performed on blood samples:. Physical examination reveals enlargement of cervical lymph nodes and papulovesicular lesions on the soft palate.

The larvae further infest and feed on small mammals and monkeys, drop on the ground and change into nymphs. Patient may feel photophobia discomfort in the eyes due to light exposure.

Within their discussion, the authors presented the idea that KFDV could be primarily a neuropathic disease and other symptoms are due to this pathogenesis. Tick-borne diseases and mite-borne diseases.

The following tests should be performed on blood samples: Sequence based studies however note the distinctivenss of OHF.

Home Disease A-Z K. Neurological complications may occur due to meningoencephalitis. You would need to login or signup to start a Discussion.

Herpesviridae Herpes B virus. It is characterized by return disexse fever and neurological symptoms as headache, neck stiffness, foorest disturbance, coarse tremors, giddiness, and abnormality of reflexes. This has however been questioned since the Indian virus shows variations in sequence over time and the exact match with the virus sequence of and the Chinese virus of is not expected. The use of spray insecticides has been recommended in a meter radius around a dead monkey.

Kyasanur forest disease | National Health Portal Of India

Filoviridae Viral hemorrhagic fevers: Ecology in a Climate of Cold War Dorest. Retrieved from ” https: Gastrointestinal symptoms as diarrhoea and vomiting may occur at third to fourth day of illness.

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Additional preventive measures include insect repellents and wearing protective dksease wear light coloured clothing with a long-sleeved shirt tucked into pants and long-legged pants tucked into socks and gum boots while going in KFD endemic forest areas. This study also found using immune response tests that birds and humans in the region appeared to have been exposed to the virus. Symptoms include headache, neck stiffness, mental disturbance, coarse tremors, giddiness, and abnormality of reflexes.

In few patients the disease runs a biphasic course; the second phase starts in the third week of illness after a febrile period of one to two weeks. Such type of ticks, feeding on three different hosts is called three-host ticks, one each for the larval, nymphal, and adult life stages.

Management of disease is mainly supportive in the form of maintenance of the hydration and measures to prevent and control bleeding disorders and neurological complications.

Previous methods of diagnosis included HI, complement fixationneutralization testsand injecting the serum of kyasannur individuals into mice. Risk factors- People with occupational or recreational exposure to rural or outdoor settings e. These two species both belong to the family Flaviviridae and diverged over years ago and have thus remained geographically separated.